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Ricinus Plants

For a fast tropical effect from seed Ricinus plants are hard to beat. They have a bad reputation because of the poison Ricin that can be extracted with quite a complicated chemical process and that the seeds are toxic if eaten. However these plants grow wild in parts of southern Europe and the Southern parts of the US without any significant problems and the seeds are used to produce castor oil, quite a common product even fed to children when I was a kid. Several varieties have been cultivated for ornamental use all quite tall with large leaves growing from 1 metre to 4 metres in a single season given an early start.
We offer Zanzibarensis a huge plant with leaves up to 2ft across and to 12ft or more, mainly green but some have reddish stems. Carmencita are smaller varieties to 6ft, Carmencita Red has bronze leaves with large clusters of bright red seed pods. C Pink has pinkish tinged leaves and pink seed clusters. Blue Giant is a fabulous plant again to 10ft or more with large Blue/Grey leaves and Blue/Grey seed clusters. New Zealand Purple is a newer variety with purple bronze leaves, seed clusters and stems that looks stunning as it branches out to a larger shrub. All varieties do their best for colour in full sun and for really big plants plenty of food and water is desired. We sell a mixed packet if anyone wants to try these for the first time.


Palm trees are another must have in any tropical planting theme. Many are hardier than customers believe. Trachycarpus are the hardiest useful palm for the UK fairly quick growing and ornamental with huge leaves, colourful yellow flower spikes in spring and attractive furry hessian like trunk, great to cuddle if you are into that sort of plant affection! The ones to choose are T. fortunei, T. takil that is a bit more robust with wider leaves and more leaflets. But my favourite is Trachycarpus oreophilus a slightly slender form with a bright blue hue to the leaves. We find these three are hardy down to about -15 ºc once mature, so ok for most parts of the country but be aware small plants in pots can be susceptible to hard frosts. They germinate well and we use them as patio decoration in pots during their early years, eventually planting out when they outgrow a 12” pot. My first Trachycarpus planted in our garden 35 years ago grown from seed is now about 40ft high!
Chamaerops humilis are quite tough to maybe -10 ºc and the blue form var cerifera is stunning grown in a pot but we bring these into an unheated glass house for winter to avoid unsightly leaf damage in bad winters. If you have a frost free glasshouse Cycas revoluta also makes a stunning patio pot plants but very slow growing. The one in the picture on our decking I have had for over 40 years! The other very useful and attractive palm hardy to about -10 ºc is Butia capitata. We keep several of these for pots on the decking with blue tinged foliage although one is now too big to easily move and may have to go!
For quicker palms from seed and fairly easy are Washingtonia and Phoenix canariensis. I have one of each planted in our garden that I protect with hessian then a heated cable set to come on at 4 ºc and then bubble wrapped that have been outside now for about 10 years. They make good conservatory plants though until they get too large. Cordylines of course are easy from seed and can be grown outside if you live in a mild area or microclimate. Often referred to as Cornish palms although not strictly a palm. Unfortunately not hardy enough for us (-8 ºc) in Oxfordshire. For heated glasshouse use there are many excellent candidates and one of mine is the new red leaves of Chambeyronia although seed is not always available.
Remember all palms are slow growing from seed in the early years but an investment well worth considering if you have the patience.

Canna Plants

Many people became wary of purchasing Canna Plants after the virus scare that started around 2005. But be assured that all growers are cautious now and keep their stocks clean. However another solution to acquire good stock is from seed that is quite easy given a propagator capable of attaining 25C to 30C.
We stock one of the widest range of Canna varieties from seed including Large Hybrids, Cannova series, Tropical series and South Pacific. The picture is a seed grown Cannova Red Bronze in its first year. Remember once grown from seed you can easily keep the root stock over wintered in a frost free area keeping just moist. Then split up and bring into heat the following spring for even more plants.

Banana Plants

Using ornamental Banana plants in your tropical bedding theme can be quite stunning, they add height and focus that draws the eye to your display. A few are hardy at the rootstock level with frosts down to -10c or more and some hardy at the stem level if you live in a sheltered microclimate with short term frosts no more than 5c. We do sometimes sell a few banana plants and in particular the colourful exotic Ensete maurelii, and Ensete montbeliardii that cannot be grown from seed and need to be over wintered frost free under glass.
For a hardy Banana at the rootstock chose Musa basjoo (The Japanese banana is available in many garden centres), or Musa sikkimensis the Himalayan banana and Musa Daj Giant that can be grown from seed fairly easily. These hardy banana plants given a bit of mulch protection will come up in late spring like a hardy perennial reaching 6ft or more by late summer. For larger plants heavily protect the stems from frost in the winter or bring them in under glass. You can also readily grow Ensete ventricosum from seed but it is best dug up and overwintered frost free.
For conservatory use with smaller plants, Musa velutina is probably the best one to choose and possibly Musa zebrina although not so easy to germinate. For a fruiting banana under glass the hardiest I have found is Musa rajapuri tolerant of +10c in the winter and fruiting at about 7ft after two or three years although not easy to find for sale. Musa cavendishi (called the dwarf Cavendish) but only fruits at 9ft or more and needs at least +20c all year round. Again maybe available  in your local garden centre but not available to grow from seed.
We do sell seeds of other Musa varieties that for enthusiasts are worth a go but Musa seed is not the easiest to germinate and always a challenge and a bit unpredictable. More information of interest in my Banana article.

Veg for Flower Borders

If like many customers you don’t have a lot of room for growing vegetables but do have some flower borders, have you thought about growing some vegetable plants that also look good in a mixed border? The following vegetables may give you some ideas.
  • Runner bean Hestia is a dwarf plant to 2ft tall with attractive red/white flowers
  • Broad Bean Red flowered has bright crimson flowers.
  • Pea little SnowPea is a compact dwarf plant with lovely purple flowers
  • Abelmoschus manihot is stunning given a warm sheltered spot with its large Yellow hibiscus flowers and edible leaves.
  • Chenopodium gigantium a tall annual with magenta coloured new leaves that if cooked can be a substitute for spinach
  • Artichoke Violet de Provence has attractive grey/green foliage and large purple flower buds but even if you do not eat them all or missed harvesting them at the right time they produce large blue flower heads.
  • Swiss Chard Rainbow has a number of culinary uses and I use the young leaves as a lettuce replacement in salads. The rainbow bright stems in red, pink, yellow and white are quite stunning.
  • A new one from JungleSeeds is Sweetcorn double red, the cobs, stems and leaves have a deep crimson touch and the red edible cobs are a bonus.
  • Don't forget that many herbs also look good in a mixed border and we offer a range of vegetables suitable for small gardens or containers under "Mini Veg"