Second only to Bananas for tropical effects, with the benefit of being evergreen and some completely hardy. I would recommend soaking most palm seed 24 hours before sowing in a sterile seed compost. You could also try the sealed bag method with a soil mix on the dry side, placed in a warm position, say in an airing cupboard - fresh seed is also an advantage for better germination.

Bismarckia nobilis


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"Bismarck Palm" 5 large seeds

Bismarckia nobilis is a massive tropical palm and simply stunning with its startling silver blue foliage. It may reach an ultimate height of 50-60 ft (15-18m) with a spread of 20 ft (6m) in the tropics but even young specimens that have yet to form a trunk sport full impressive crowns. The huge palmate leaves are a bright light blue, waxy and can reach 10 ft (3m) across. Worth a try as a large pot plant for a heated conservatory just for the novelty?

Brahea armata

Mexican Blue Palm 10 seeds җ
Brahea armata is a stunning hardy blue palm which tolerates night frosts in its native habitat. In the US it is tolerant to perhaps minus 10°C but it really requires a warmer summer than we experience in the UK so more like -5°C. But perfect as a cold conservatory plant, which could be wheeled out for some fresh air each year. The stiff, fan shaped leaves are covered in a stunning pale blue bloom which looks best in hot dry conditions.

Brahea Super Silver

Mexican Blue Palm 10 seeds җ
A stunning new hardy silver blue palm discovered in the mountains of Mexico. Unlike other Braheas, Super Silver is also thornless and its smaller size makes it a popular choice for a protected garden. Tolerates severe night frosts in its native habitat, tolerant to perhaps minus 10°C but it really requires a warmer summer than we experience in the UK so more like -5°C if not hardened off well by strong summer sun. The stiff, fan shaped leaves like Brahea armata are covered in a stunning pale blue bloom which looks best in hot dry conditions.

Butia capitata

Jelly Palm 10 seeds җ җ
Apart from the Trachycarpus family, Butia capitata is one of the best hardy palm alternatives to grow in the UK, frost hardy to about -10°C. It is not a fan but a feather palm, looking more like the traditional arching leaved date palm with grey/blue green leaves.

Butia yatay

'Yatay Palm'   10 seeds  җ җ
Butia yatay is the largest and most attractive of the genus hardy to -12°C

Caryota maxima himalayana

Himalayan Fish Tail Palm   10 seeds  җ
Caryota maxima himalayana is a hardier selected form of Caryota Urens from the foothills of the Himalayas, which can be colder than London, making it frost hardy to about -5°C, therefore a must for anyone that can support these lows in a micro or warm south west climate. This palm is typically Caryota with a distinctive “fishtail” shape to the leaflets and therefore particularly attractive. Not easy and fairly slow to grow from seed which represents a challenge for the seed enthusiast! Temperatures for germination about 25°C, and in a deep pot for initial root growth.

Chamaerops humilis

Mediterranean Fan Palm  10 seeds  җ җ
Another good fan palm for the UK is Chamaerops humilis which can tolerate temperatures down to minus 10°C to minus 12°C. I have found it more frost tolerant than Butia Capitata. In the last two winters, temperature's have been down to minus 12°C here in Oxfordshire, and this plant suffers only minimal damage. It has a bushy habit throwing up a multitude of root suckers that produce more of a clump of palms rather than a traditional single stem. It does not get to any real height outside in the UK maybe 3 or 4 feet at most. It produces suckers, which in time create a bushy shape with quite stiff leaves, the only draw back is that it carries a number of sharp thorns on the base of the stems. You have been warned! Germination temperatures 25°C to 30°C.

Chamaerops humilis var cerifera

Blue Mediterranean Fan Palm 10 seeds  җ җ
A new plant coming into cultivation from Morocco Chamaerops humilis var cerifera the “Blue Mediterranean Fan Palm” produces wonderful blue leaves otherwise identical to the normal Mediterranean Fan Palm. However it is reputed to be cold hardy to minus 15°C, coming from a mountainous region with severe frosts in the winter. I am quite excited about this one as not only is it attractive and unusual, but potentially hardier for growing outside in the UK.

Dracaena draco

Dragon Tree 20 seeds җ 

Dracaena draco is a tree native to the Canary Islands, slow growing, and can reach a great age. The oldest known tree is growing in northwest Tenerife and is believed to be up to 650 years old.  The name comes from the red snap like dragons blood. The ancient Egyptians used it for embalming the dead and more recently it has been used to make varnish for violins and as a wood stain. Only hardy to around -5°C but worth trying in a sheltered location. Make sure that any containers have good drainage with a gritty compost. Water infrequently, allowing the compost to dry out slightly between watering.

Jubaea chilensis

Chilean Wine Palm  5 seeds җ җ
A glorious architectural feather palm, Jubaea chilensis the Chilean Wine Palm is becoming scarce in the wild because of excessive sap harvest for wine. In Chile it becomes a massive tree with a huge trunk. In the UK, it makes a useful palm that will take a reasonable amount of frost to -10°C once established.  Growing from seed is not difficult, if you know how, and we supply special germination instructions.

Livistona australis

'Cabbage Tree Palm'   10 seeds җ җ
A beautiful and popular fan palm, originating from Australia, the large leaves of Livistona australis are typical fan leaf shape. This palm may be hardier than most people believe with specimens routinely surviving light frosts when mature. Easy from seed and attractive as a small palm as well as large.

Nannorrhops ritchiana

Mazari Palm  5 seeds Pr Pkt җ җ җ
One of the very hardiest palms in the world and until recently also one of the rarest in cultivation. Coming from Northern Pakistan desert areas Nannorrhops ritchiana  should stand temperatures down to -20°C if kept dry. It is a shrubby palm that eventually grows to about 20' with  thick, blue-green, leathery fan-shaped leaves. In a good summer it will grow reasonably quickly.

Phoenix canariensis

Canary Island Palm   20 seeds  җ җ
Phoenix canariensis is a very popular and widespread palm which  I have been growing for years either for outside summer bedding, or as an excellent house plant tolerating both dry and poor light conditions. It is surprisingly hardy, maybe to minus 8C when an established plant. It has the advantage of being quick and easy to grow from seed, developing a slim trunk giving this palm an elegant appearance. Try it outdoors in a warm micro climate for summer bedding, or alternatively bring it in as a house plant over winter and use as summer bedding.

Phoenix roebelenii

Pygmy Date Palm   20 seeds 
A small, miniature feather palm, from southeast Asia, Phoenix roebelenii has a slender trunk that can grow to about 10 feet in height in the wild. However its small stature makes it an ideal pot plant for a conservatory or patio in summer. Easy to germinate for a palm and in my view one of the best indoor small palms.

Phoenix rupicolor

Cliff Date Palm  20 seeds  җ
Phoenix rupicolor  is a very different Phoenix palm from the Himalayas with long arching shining green fronds and a smooth trunk. Fast growing from seed and set to become very popular with its coconut palm classic appearance. Will tolerate some frost but probably best used as tropical bedding and brought indoors for the winter.

Phoenix sylvestris

Silver Date Palm   20 seeds
A large, fast growing, and very ornamental species not often found in cultivation. Phoenix sylvestris has a tall trunk more slender than canariensis and a very full and dense crown elegantly recurving, greyish, plumose leaves. Easy to grow from seed and suitable for subtropical down to frost level.

Sabal minor

Dwarf Palmetto Palm  20 seeds җ җ
Trunkless, and with large, fan shaped, stiff blue leaves. Excellent as a tub plant for patios. Sabal minor is easily grown from seed as it germinates reasonably quickly as far as palms go but requiring heat to grow really well.  It is very cold hardy maybe to minus 10C once established and unusual as the leaf stems continue right into the leaf.  Germination at about 30°C.

Syagrus romanzoffiana

Queen Palm   10 seeds  җ 
Syagrus romanzoffiana known as the Queen Palm is an elegant and familiar sight all around the world. Its ready availability, fast growth and subsequent low price make it a popular choice. Together with Phoenix and Washingtonia it is certainly the most used street palm in the world. Tolerant of frost down to -5C when established although the leaves will burn below -2C

Trachycarpus fortunei


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Chusan Palm  10 seeds җ җ җ

Trachycarpus fortunei is my favourite hardy palm from China that I have been growing for maybe 30 years. I have lost one before in a particularly cold and wet winter in Chesham but I think it was the wet rather than the cold that proved fatal.  A must for any Palm devotee it has a very hairy trunk with huge (and I mean huge - up to 4 ft across) fan shaped leaves.  This photograph taken in my garden illustrates a 12 year old flowering in May. Trachycarpus can be slow to germinate, but the trick is that they need cooler temperatures than most palms. (20°C to 23°C), and best without bottom heat.)

Trachycarpus latisectus


Windamere Palm  10 seeds җ җ

Similar to Fortunei in habit and leaves but it differs greatly in that the trunk is bare, rather than covered in dense fibres. There are not many large plants of Trachycarpus latisectus for sale in the market place as this has been a relatively recent introduction so growing from seed is still the best option. Germination as per Fortunei.

Trachycarpus ukhrulensis x fortunei


New for 2022!

Ukhrulensis or Naga Hills x fortunei  10 seeds  җ җ

Trachycarpus Ukhrulensis  is a rare palm discovered in a remote corner, 6,500ft up in Manipur India during 2004. Looks to be very similar to Trachycarpus Princeps originally discovered not far from this find but over the borders in a remote China valley. It has the normal Trachycarpus form, size but not quite as hardy as fortunei but with larger more rounded leaves with up to 60 leaflets, together with a lovely blue/white bloom to the reverse of the leaves. I have a mature palm that has produced this year some seeds crossed with fortunei. I am expecting any palms from this seed to keep some f the blue reverse and to be a bit more hardy like fortunei. I think well worth a go?


Trachycarpus wagnerianus


Dwarf Chusan Palm  10 seeds  җ җ

Perfect for the smaller garden Trachycarpus wagnerianus a rare hardy palm, closely related to Fortunei, is much smaller and has more filaments to its leaves. Pictures I have seen in the Hardy Palm magazine make it look very attractive as a young patio plant with more fringes than Fortunei.  Becoming very popular in the US and in the UK, I have managed to obtain some seed again this year, but with a limited supply so place your orders early please.

Washingtonia filifera

Desert Fan Palm   15 seeds җ
Washingtonia filifera is one of my long standing favourites for a really tropical looking palm with its large fan leaves beautifully fringed with fine filaments. I tried for years over winter these palms in doors only to lose them in late winter or spring. I was under the impression they were really soft until I discovered that they are actually capable of minus 5C to minus 8C, providing they are given plenty of light. I now over winter them in a frost free cold greenhouse quite happily. I am also experimenting with all year round outdoor culture but you really need to be in a warmer micro climate than frozen Oxfordshire, and so far with only limited success. An architectural plant that is quick and easy to grow from seed, making a useful plant to bed out in its second to third year. Germination easy at 30C, with above 50% success rate.

Washingtonia robusta

Sky Duster Palm  15 seeds җ
Another bold palm not quite so hardy as Washingtonia Filifera but in my experience a stronger palm for our climate during it's early years. I use Washingtonia robusta in preference to Filifera for summer bedding, leaves similar when mature but larger as a young plant with less 'fringing'.



Symbol Codes

Germination -- Easy Moderate and Challenging

Backlog for Fresh Seed Flavour

Hardiness - To -5°C җ To -10°C җҗ Fully Hardy җҗҗ

Needs Shady Position Sunny Position Water Loving